The aim of this document is to help CEN/CENELEC Working Group convenors and experts to promote/develop simulation in their standards as an alternative to physical tests on the real system for proving conformity. It can also provide useful guidance to assessors in the railway sector in approving simulations where they are not yet specifically defined or where physical tests on the real system are not defined in standards. Consequently, this document is also relevant to companies developing and applying simulations with the intention to achieve their acceptance for the purpose of system validation. It is not intended to provide technical guidance on applying simulations in general.
Where simulations are already introduced in existing standards, this guide is not intended to modify the specified requirements. However, technical harmonisation between standards might benefit from this guide for the introduction of additional alternative methods for simulations.
This document principally covers:
• Numerical simulation, using complex methods or using simple spreadsheets methods
• Hardware and software in the loop
• Mathematical models solved using numerical methods or iteration, including spreadsheets.
It does not cover the following, although the general principles outlined can be applied to these methods:
• Laboratory tests of components
• Fatigue rig tests
• Model scale tests
• Mathematical models solved analytically.
NOTE: Due to the limited experience in the railway sector in the application of data-based (as opposed to model-based) simulations, for example using artificial intelligence (AI), neural networks, big data, etc., this approach is not further developed at this stage in this document.
60.60 Standard published
Jun 22, 2022