CEN/TS 16181:2013

Sludge, treated biowaste and soil - Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) by gas chromatography (GC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)

Publication date:   Dec 17, 2013

General information

99.60 Withdrawal effective   Jun 6, 2018


CEN/TC 444 Environmental characterization of solid matrices

Technical Specification

13.030.20   Liquid wastes. Sludge



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This Technical Specification specifies the quantitative determination of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) (see Table 2) in sludge, soil and treated biowaste using GC-MS and HPLC-UV-DAD/FLD covering a wide range of PAH contamination levels (see also Annex B).
When using fluorescence detection, acenaphthylene cannot be measured.
The limit of detection depends on the determinants, the equipment used, the quality of chemicals used for the extraction of the sample and the clean-up of the extract.
Typically, a lower limit of application of 0,01 mg/kg (expressed as dry matter) may be ensured for each individual PAH. This depends on instrument and sample.
Sludge, soil and treated biowaste may differ in properties and also in the expected contamination levels of PAHs and presence of interfering substances. These differences make it impossible to describe one general procedure. This Technical Specification contains decision tables based on the properties of the sample and the extraction and clean-up procedure to be used. Two general lines are followed, an agitation procedure (shaking) or use of soxhlet/pressurised liquid extraction.
NOTE Other PAH compounds can also be analysed with this method, provided suitability has been proven.

Related legislation

Legislation related to this standard


Protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture

Life cycle


CEN/TS 16181:2013
99.60 Withdrawal effective
Jun 6, 2018


EN 16181:2018